Extractive Industries and Reforms19 août 2016
Extractive Industries and Reforms
The Togo still bears the scars of the 1993 suspension of cooperation with the European Union; evidenced by the socio-economic conditions deteriorated. In 2005, with the coming to power of Faure Gnassingbe, the findings on the evolution of the country seem palpable. Certainly the known will of some minorities to the government to be concerned with their personal gain is not to be discussed. With the resumption of cooperation, investments are particularly geared towards vulnerable populations. The regime, facing his destiny, negotiating good governance by adhering to EITI standards (Transparency Initiative Extractive Industries) to strengthen the management of mineral resources and vigorously contribute to economic and social growth of the country.
Togo, what next?
To understand Togo, careful analysis, lined thorough autopsy of unprecedented impartiality in the peel historical and contemporary socio-political facts is necessary, after half a century of state party and one-party ...
The Togolese news forges contradictions between power and opposition, a relationship sawtooth, demonstrating the progress that questionable liberties ...
However, locked in the walls of history, more than 50% of Togolese little involvement in transmutation, and refuse to see the good side of life. So that an attempt at interpretation, although correct, the current actions of the regime or the opposition is experienced as a kind of provocation that could spark revolt against the perpetrators ... At the same time, other Togolese progress in all freedom ... Why?
To the wall ?
Togo needs to be governed differently, Togo needs real change. But who can deprogram the old system in place?
Already in 2003, a well connected in political circles aroused colleague in an article, given the political rivalries, discussions around the succession to power after Eyadema, under the title: "After Eyadema, Gnassingbe for peace" an almost prescient article.
February 5, 2005
Sure enough, after Eyadema, the act committed by Faure Gnassingbé can be interpreted in many ways ... qualified rightly or wrongly, of lifeline, of lesser evil, or monarchisation of the Republic, according to a political analyst.
It materializes undoubtedly forecasts peace, provided that the purpose is to advance the Togo by an economic framework and other policy than the previous ... It's in that it does not betray the proposed vision by Journalist.
Around Gnassingbe Father, many crocodiles and the corridors Accustomed Lomé 2 private-residence of the Head of the welfare state, opponents, with claims ... the rest of the comments now belongs to history.
The revival of stress
Togolese civil service has little virtuous agents, who have monopolized the revenues of the state, monopolized the wealth of their inner circle. The restoration of order comes up against the old habit.
Lost enough time to set up safeguards to exit a fragile state, with promises of reforms, some held and others in progress, giving some readabilities on the economic guidelines of Faure Gnassingbe regime.
In the name of reason of state, and the fight against resistance to change, strong methods were authorized to reach and depart away from organized factions that were holding, the financial authorities, causing the fiscal hemorrhage and so, somehow, try to restore the state's authority.
But bad intentions still haunt the community. When the regime purifies smearing the ancient barons of the Rally of the Togolese People deceased, all-newcomers of UNITE (Union for the Republic) are no exception to the tradition. The majority also wants to trim the expense of the Republic. The control of public finance problem.
Recall that Togo has topped the list of countries involved in tax evasion, a sad reputation.
Although it has comparative advantages: huge mineral deposits, a potential for self-sufficiency, Togo has difficulty fully ensure its development.
The Head of State apparently conscious of its image, triggers a discrete guerrilla against economic crime: the Directorate General of Taxes (DGI) sanitized, it is the turn of the Extractive Industries ... so on ... a long list is drawn up ... Experts in fight against economic crime are at work ... and for suspects ... run for your life ...
The FAURE revolution
It should establish programs to change the situation and make Togo a modern country. How is it possible in these conditions?
June 25, 2009, the Togolese government shows its willingness to join the EITI standard, to fight against the looting of foreign currency from the operation of the extractive sector (natural resources).
Through the economic model "Publish What You Pay" payments by extractive industries, the amounts collected by the state coffers and royalties to local authorities should be published. This tripartite agreement could be reborn confidence among investors, communities and the State, "the truth of revenue."
To build confidence
To relaunch, the country needs mutual trust between Investor-State-People. Certainly the trauma of years of tensions, does not ensure collective motivation patriotic duty, but "strong" regime is well aware, showing its good faith, in order to appease a country in full convulsion crisis for lack of anticipation of economic events, with the scarcity of resources and the need to readjust to the new situation.
By joining the EITI standard, Togo now has a fairly reliable tool to audit the revenue from the extractive sector, 22% of total exports of Togo, according to the conciliation report payments and industry revenue extractive under the year 2012 prepared by the Cabinet Moore Stephens. However, the contradictions deserve to be ironed out.
For example: The legal texts guaranteeing the area of rebates (three (03) tax) related to mining levied by the State, acting as sub-national transfers, suffer from being short-circuited by seemingly unilateral agreements between some senior officials of the state and industry.
By asking above the laws of the Republic to exempt companies secretly practicing in the territory, it is allowed to think of collusion in order to possibly receive in return for personal gratification. Unless it is the state itself, at the highest level, granting those facilities preferential political and economic reasons, while penalizing the population, and account offset by subsidies.
In anticipation of corruption and transparent management of social responsibility of the industry, the Act of 5 May 2011 on the contribution of business to the community have made a contribution, stating the limits of the grant.
This law is still without implementing decree, allowing diversions under cover holding discount donation.
Much of the financial governance still opaque, because of the lack of accountability and traceability with regard to the people. service officials for fear of losing their stipend, work viciously to erect barriers to the EITI, a standard of governance without which claim to achieve the massive mobilization of state resources through the uniqueness of accounts not possible.
The Head of Government (President of the National Council of Supervision of the EITI-TOGO) and parliamentarians should work to remedy this by offering pieces of legislation to strengthen economic reforms. For this, the Togo truly be able to achieve the SDO (Sustainable Development Goals) ...
Ultimately, the EITI seems a bargain, it will associate the people in the management of public affairs.
However, the people must be open to change by appropriating the methods of dialogue and learning of complaints procedures of their rights fixed by the regulations, while also recognizing those investors to grow their investments.
To do this, it is recommended to stakeholders to publish what they pay to the state.
To achieve this objective, the Technical Secretariat has the 4 to 21 April 2016, a national campaign to spread well perceived by people, throughout the territory, the 2012 and 2013 reports, marked by cross-checking information on shareholders to mining realities.
The institution of specifications does not authorize a direct prosecution.
A major concern of those responsible for its design to prevent the EITI will turn into a settling of instrument, that's what makes her reliability.
At each step, several anomalies in the extractive sector, the visited sites, as The African Eye proposes to distill soon ... Here's a start ...
administrative slowness (Act 1)
The laws governing the mining sector are trampled to purposely walk. The opacity in the mining contract remains valid, nor does reassure people or investors.
A Pagala village, 270Km of Togolese capital, thousands of tons of raw marble blocks are parked on the extraction sites, still waiting for local processing, because of delays in the applications of mining contracts.
An approach by unfavorable effect induced acceleration of economic growth in Togo, and the development sector...
Kossi Blaise Ayegnon
Journaliste d’Investigation Afrique Francophone